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Police Clearance Certificate in India

Introduction

The Indian authorities issues Police Clearance Certificate (PCC) only to Indian Passport holders in case they are employees travelling abroad for their job or those who have applied for a residence permit abroad or those who have applied for a long-term visa or for immigration. Tourists need not apply for a PCC as they are on a limited duration stay in the foreign country.

Where to Apply

Indian nationals residing in India can approach local Police Stations, Passport Offices, and Passport Seva Kendras of their jurisdiction for obtaining PCC Indian nationals residing outside India needs to approach the concerned Indian mission in the foreign country for obtaining PCC.

Also, foreign nationals residing in India if they wish to obtain a PCC needs to approach the office of the FRRO where they are registered or as per their place of residence in India.

Procedure and Documents Required

With different countries having different policies to treat immigrants, the PCC too involves a different procedure and documents for different countries. The steps involved in obtaining a PCC is classified into two: one set of steps are followed by the ECR countries and another set of steps are followed by non-ECR countries.

Currently, there are 17 countries that have a different procedure and are known as "Emigration Check Required" (ECR) countries. Any Indian going to any of these 17 countries for employment must get an emigration clearance. This clearance is necessary only if the Indian is going to the country for employment, and no other purpose. These 17 countries are Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Indonesia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Jordan, Libya, Lebanon, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, UAE and Yemen.

Documents:

The documentation required for ECR countries is different for individuals with different skill sets, qualification, gender and whether you’ve entered into the employment contract or immigrating directly or through a recruiting agent. Generally the documents include Passport, valid visa, address proof, employment contract, documentary proof of applying for Residential Status or Long term visa or for immigration, etc.

Procedure:

An Indian passport holder residing in India can apply online for a PCC and the certificate will be issued to them online as well. Applicant has to register first on the online portal and then the service can be availed. The individual will not have to physically present himself before the concerned authority for submission of application or for collection of the certificate. However, the applicant may be asked to visit the local police station for a brief background check or his/ her presence may be called during a field inspection. This complete online service has not been introduced in all states and states like Maharashtra and Delhi have introduced it. The Kerala Police too has permitted the online application system and has even allowed the applicant to authorize a person to collect the certificate on his behalf or have the certificate mailed to them to their foreign residence too. In other states, an applicant still can apply online but after filling the form online and making payment, one has to visit the Passport Seva Kendra (PSK)/Regional Passport Office (RPO) where appointment has been booked, along with original documents for verification.

An Indian passport holder staying abroad needs to download the application form from the website of the concerned Indian Mission and submitted along with the supporting documents indicated.

Timelines

In case the application has no errors and the applicant has taken all the required documents to the passport office for review, PCC may be granted on the same day itself at the office. However, in a lot of cases like where the applicant is a minor or applicant’s current address is not the same as permanent address, etc., police verification is ordered before granting PCC. In such cases time taken by the police and the passport office to grant a PCC may extend to even one month.


- As on 1st July 2019